Five men charged over the Hillsborough disaster and its aftermath have appeared in crown court.
The men, including ex-South Yorkshire Police (SYP) Ch Insp Sir Norman Bettison, sat in a glass-walled dock at Preston Crown Court in Lancashire.
No formal pleas were given in the hearing but their legal teams have indicated they will deny the charges.
Mr Justice Davis has ruled that any forthcoming trials should be held in Preston.
About 20 family members of the 96 fans who were fatally injured in the 1989 disaster sat yards away in the public gallery, overlooking the court packed with 36 lawyers.