Ministers tell story of decline, recovery of Nigerian economy



By Bisi Daniels

Attendance was unsually heavy at the Banquet Hall of the State House, Abuja, as the Economic Management Team (EMT) engaged representatives of the private sector from all over the country on the economy at the 10th Presidential Quarterly Business Forum.

Six minsters had taken turns to brief the leaders of the Organized Private Sector in a manner that told the story of the economy and addressed contemporary issues.

They were Budget and National Planning Minister Udoma Udo Udoma; Finance Minister Zainab Ahmed; Minister of Agriculture, Audu Ogbeh; Industry, Trade and Investment Minister Okechuku Enelamah; Works, Power and Housing Minister Babatunde Fashola; and Suleiman Adamu, Water Resources Minister.

With sharp drop in oil revenue from N4076 bn in 2014 to N1439bn in 2016, and low savings to fall back on, the economy was heavily challenged with exchange rate instability, declining reserves, soaring inflation from 8.2 per cent in 2014 to 18.5 per cent in 2016.

There were also challenges at the sub-national level.


  • Growth of Real GDP at 1.81% in Q3 2018, up from 1.50% in Q2 2018 and 1.17% in the corresponding quarter in 2017. The performance was driven by the non-oil sector which grew by 2.32% in Q3 2018, representing the strongest growth in the sector for 12 consecutive quarters since Q4 2015.
  • The Services Sector, continued to strengthen in Q3 2018, recording its best performance over 10 quarters, growing by 2.64 per cent, compared to 2.12 per cent in Q2 2018 and a contraction of -2.66 per cent in Q3 2017.
  • The drag to GDP growth in 2018, they explained, was largely due to a contraction in the Crude oil and Gas sectors and a slowdown in the agriculture sector, which was affected by temporary production and security challenges in the North East and North Central Zones as well as incidence of flooding.
  • Foreign exchange market trends show stability with convergence between the interbank rate (NIFEX) and NAFEX over the past 12 months
  • Decline of inflation rate below ERGP target of 12.4 per cent for 2018
  • $2.86 billion capital importation in the third quarter of 2018, a 56.7 percent, increase compared to the corresponding period in 2016. They attributed the recent outflow caused by portfolio investors in response to developments in the external environment

? Sustained accretion to external reserves, which recovered from US$28.57bn in May 2015 to US$42.92bn by mid-Dec 2018

  • Purchasing Manager’s Index (PMI), a key indicator in assessing the health of the manufacturing sector, in the month of Dec. 2018 stood at 61.1 index points, indicating expansion in the sector for the twenty-first consecutive month
  • Under the Conditional Cash Transfer scheme, 297,973 people were supported with transfers of ?5,000 in 217 LGAs across 20 states, while 2,530 community facilitators were trained
  • 9.3 million school children were fed under the Home-Grown School Feeding Programme in 49,000 schools across 24 states; and 96,972 catering staff were engaged; and
  • 500,000 graduates benefitted from the N-Power Programme

Mr Udoma described the results as the building of momentum. “Although the Real GDP growth is still low, it’s a movement in the right direction, especially with regard to the non-oil sector performance,” he said. “We are focused on diversification of the economy, in partnership with the private sector.”

Mrs. Ahmed added that target fiscal outcomes will be achieved through accelerating the recovery in GDP growth and stemming inflationary pressures; increasing oil and non-oil revenues to finance priority capital and recurrent expenditures; enhancing fiscal consolidation to rebuild fiscal buffers and increase financial resilience against fiscal shocks; and prioritising investments in critical infrastructure and human capital development.


The ministers also detailed out other achievements recorded so far. On power, Mr Fashola said: “The administration has methodically and diligently identified both the quick wins to deliver and the teething but avoidable challenges in the transmission and distribution networks to correct them.

“We have taken bold steps to nipping the challenges in the bud. The notable projects that had dragged for too long are now being completed and commissioned and to increase speed in performance, our administration has introduced the Power Sector Recovery Programme through which funds are being injected into the sector and new strategies evolved to strengthen existing policies in order to achieve our objective of incremental, stable and uninterruptable Power supply.

“Also, in order to have a robust Nigerian Electricity Supply Industry (NESI) and by also exporting electricity to neighbouring African countries, the Discos have been mandated to meter all their customers. Attainment of this feat will make NESI a key player in the West African Power Pool (WAPP).”

Among the projects expected to increase power supply soon from the current 7,000MW are the 40 MW Kashimbilla Power in Taraba And Benue;700mw Zungeru Hydropower Plant and the 215MW Kaduna Power Plant, 2x60mva Substation & 2×1.5mltrs Ago Tanks and the Afam III Fast Power.


The reforms his ministry is leading include improvement in the ease of doing business targeted at achieving a sub-100 World Bank ranking this year; and the establishment of Nigerian Industrial Policy & Competitiveness Council, which aims to increase the contribution of the manufacturing sector to GDP by 250 per cent over a five-year period, and establish Nigeria as the manufacturing hub for West Africa, by implementing initiatives aimed at accelerating industrialization by leveraging private sector expertise and capital; as well as reforms of the automotive sector towards making the country the automotive hub in West Africa; and the building of special economic zones.

He said, “In accordance with the Economic Recovery & Growth Plan, which identifies the development of special economic zones as a major strategic tool to accelerate the implementation of the Nigeria Industrial Revolution Plan, Project Made in Nigeria for Exports (MINE) was envisioned by the Ministry and the Nigeria Export Processing Zone Authority to develop SEZs to world class standards and position Nigeria as the pre-eminent manufacturing hub in sub-Saharan Africa and become a major exporter of made-in-Nigeria goods and services regionally and globally.

He said between January 2015 and October 2018, the Bank of Industry disbursed a total of N487.5 billion to 3,334 large, medium and small enterprises.


He disclosed that his ministry inherited 116 major ongoing and abandoned projects on assumption of office in 2015: They included 38 projects on irrigation and drainage, 27 dams and 37.

He said with the deployment of resources towards completing and commissioning all the high and medium priority projects 11 projects have been completed and commissioned, while six are ready for commissioning.

“We also plan to complete many more water supply, dam and irrigation projects including 7 water supply projects, and 13 dams and irrigation projects between now and 2020.”’

Yemi Dipeolu, Special Adviser to the President for Economic Matters in the Office of the Vice-President, who closed the session with a vote of thanks described it as engaging and commended members of the organized private sector for their presence and consistency.

“We continue to take your views and advice seriously,” he assured them on behalf of the EMT, headed by Vice President Yemi Osinbajo.

*Daniels is adviser on public communication to the Minister of Trade and Investment, Mike Enelamah.

Culled from: PREMIUM TIMES


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